Bibliography



  • Haraway, Donna. 1988. “Situated Knowledges: The Science Question In Feminism And The Privilege Of Partial Perspective”. Feminist Studies 14 (3): 575-599. JSTOR. doi:10.2307/3178066. www.jstor.org/stable/3178066.

  • Haraway, Donna, Allard, Laurence, Gardey, Delphine, and Magnan, Nathalie. 2007. Manifeste Cyborg Et Autres Essais : Sciences - Fictions - Féminismes. Toulouse: Exils Editeur.

  • Harding, Sandra. 1992. “Rethinking Standpoint Epistemology: What Is "strong Objectivity?"”. The Centennial Review 36 (3): 437-470. www.jstor.org/stable/23739232.


  • Harding, Sandra. 1995. ““Strong Objectivity”: A Response To The New Objectivity Question”. Synthese 104 (3) (September 1): 331-349. doi:10.1007/BF01064504. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01064504.
    Abstract: Where the old “objectivity question” asked, “Objectivity or relativism: which side are you on?”, the new one refuses this choice, seeking instead to bypass widely recognized problems with the conceptual framework that restricts the choices to these two. It asks, “How can the notion of objectivity be updated and made useful for contemporary knowledge-seeking projects?” One response to this question is the “strong objectivity” program that draws on feminist standpoint epistemology to provide a kind of logic of discovery for maximizing our ability to block “might makes right” in the sciences. It does so by delinking the neutrality ideal from standards for maximizing objectivity, since neutrality is now widely recognized as not only not necessary, not only not helpful, but, worst of all, an obstacle to maximizing objectivity when knowledge-distorting interests and values have constituted a research project. Strong objectivity provides a method for correcting this kind of situation. However, standpoint approaches have their own limitations which are quite different from the misreadings of them upon which most critics have tended to focus. Unfortunately, historically limited epistemologies and philosophies of science are all we get to choose from at this moment in history.
    Tags: Conceptual Framework, Feminist Standpoint, Objectivity Question, Standpoint Epistemology, Strong Objectivity.

  • Haugeland, John. 1989. Artificial Intelligence: The Very Idea. Reprint edition. Cambridge, MA: A Bradford Book.
    Abstract: "Machines who think―how utterly preposterous," huff beleaguered humanists, defending their dwindling turf. "Artificial Intelligence―it's here and about to surpass our own," crow techno-visionaries, proclaiming dominion. It's so simple and obvious, each side maintains, only a fanatic could disagree.Deciding where the truth lies between these two extremes is the main purpose of John Haugeland's marvelously lucid and witty book on what artificial intelligence is all about. Although presented entirely in non-technical terms, it neither oversimplifies the science nor evades the fundamental philosophical issues. Far from ducking the really hard questions, it takes them on, one by one.Artificial intelligence, Haugeland notes, is based on a very good idea, which might well be right, and just as well might not. That idea, the idea that human thinking and machine computing are "radically the same," provides the central theme for his illuminating and provocative book about this exciting new field. After a brief but revealing digression in intellectual history, Haugeland systematically tackles such basic questions as: What is a computer really? How can a physical object "mean" anything? What are the options for computational organization? and What structures have been proposed and tried as actual scientific models for intelligence?In a concluding chapter he takes up several outstanding problems and puzzles―including intelligence in action, imagery, feelings and personality―and their enigmatic prospects for solution.

  • Heidegger, Martin. 1986. Être Et Temps. Paris: Gallimard.

  • Heidegger, Martin. 1981. Acheminement Vers La Parole. Paris: Gallimard.

  • Heidegger, Martin, and Layet, Clément. 2014. De L'origine De L'oeuvre D'art : Première Version. Rivages.

  • Heidegger, Martin. 2008. Being And Time. Trans. John Macquarrie and Edward Robinson. New York: HarperPerennial/Modern Thought.
  • Heidegger, Martin. 1980. “La Question De La Technique”. In Essais Et Conférences, trans. André Préau, 9-48. Paris: Gallimard.


  • Hempel, Carl G., and Oppenheim, Paul. 1948. “Studies In The Logic Of Explanation”. Philosophy Of Science 15 (2): 135-175. doi:10.1086/286983. https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/10.1086/286983.

  • Henry, Michel. 2003. L'essence De La Manifestation. Paris: Presses universitaires de France.

  • Henry, Michel. 2011. Philosophie Et Phénoménologie Du Corps. 6e éd.th ed. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.

  • Higgins, Joe. 2018. “The 'we' In 'me': An Account Of Minimal Relational Selfhood” (no date). Accessed July9. https://www.academia.edu/36548468/The_We_in_Me_an_account_of_minimal_relational_selfhood.
    Abstract: Many philosophers contend that selfhood involves a uniquely first-personal experiential dimension, which precedes any form of socially dependent selfhood (Gallagher, 2005; Legrand, 2007; Strawson, 2009; Kriegel, 2009; Nida-Rümelin, 2017; Zahavi,


  • Hollan, James, Hutchins, Edwin, and Kirsh, David. 2000. “Distributed Cognition: Toward A New Foundation For Human-Computer Interaction Research”. Acm Trans. Comput.-Hum. Interact. 7 (2) (June): 174–196. doi:10.1145/353485.353487. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/353485.353487.
    Abstract: We are quickly passing through the historical moment when people work in front of a single computer, dominated by a small CRT and focused on tasks involving only local information. Networked computers are becoming ubiquitous and are playing increasingly significant roles in our lives and in the basic infrastructures of science, business, and social interaction. For human-computer interaction to advance in the new millennium we need to better understand the emerging dynamic of interaction in which the focus task is no longer confined to the desktop but reaches into a complex networked world of information and computer-mediated interactions. We think the theory of distributed cognition has a special role to play in understanding interactions between people and technologies, for its focus has always been on whole environments: what we really do in them and how we coordinate our activity in them. Distributed cognition provides a radical reorientation of how to think about designing and supporting human-computer interaction. As a theory it is specifically tailored to understanding interactions among people and technologies. In this article we propose distributed cognition as a new foundation for human-computer interaction, sketch an integrated research framework, and use selections from our earlier work to suggest how this framework can provide new opportunities in the design of digital work materials.
    Tags: cognitive science, distributed cognition, ethnography, human-computer interaction, research methodology.

  • Husserl, Edmund. 2002. Phantasia, Conscience D'image, Souvenir. Grenoble: Editions Jérôme Millon.

  • Husserl, Edmund. 2006. Idees Directrices Pour Une Phenomenologie. Paris: Gallimard.

  • Husserl, Edmund. 2004. La Crise Des Sciences Européennes Et La Phénoménologie Transcendantale. Paris: Gallimard.

  • Husserl, Edmund. 2000. Méditations Cartésiennes. Nouv. éd. Paris: Vrin.

  • Husserl, Edmund. 1996. Leçons Pour Une Phénoménologie De La Conscience Intime Du Temps. 4e édth ed. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.

  • Husserl, Edmund. 1996. Recherches Phénoménologiques Pour La Constitution. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.

  • Husserl, Edmund. 2017. Ideas: General Introduction To Pure Phenomenology. Martino Fine Books.
    Abstract: 2017 Reprint of 1931 Edition.  Full facsimile of the original edition, not reproduced with Optical Recognition software.  Widely regarded as the principal founder of phenomenology, one of the most important movements in twentieth century philosophy, Edmund Husserl’s Ideas is one of his most important works and a classic of twentieth century thought.  Husserl’s early thought conceived of phenomenology – the general study of what appears to conscious experience – in a relatively narrow way, mainly in relation to problems in logic and the theory of knowledge. The publication of Ideas in 1913 witnessed a significant and controversial widening of Husserl’s thought, changing the course of phenomenology decisively. Husserl argued that phenomenology was the study of the very nature of what it is to think, "the science of the essence of consciousness" itself. Husserl’s arguments ignited a heated debate regarding the nature of consciousness and experience that has endured throughout the twentieth and continues in the present day. No understanding of twentieth century philosophy is complete without some understanding of Husserl, and his work influenced some of the great philosophers of the twentieth century, such as Martin Heidegger and Jean-Paul Sartre.


  • Husserl, Edmund. 1999. Cartesian Meditations: An Introduction To Phenomenology. Trans. Dorion Cairns. Springer Netherlands. //www.springer.com/la/book/9789400999978.
    Abstract: The "Cartesian Meditations" translation is based primarily on the printed text, edited by Professor S. Strasser and published in the first volume of Husserliana: Cartesianische Meditationen und Pariser Vorträge, ISBN 90-247-0214-3. Most of Husserl's emendations, as given in the Appendix to that volume, have been treated as if they were part of the text. The others have been translated in footnotes. Secondary consideration has been given to a typescript (cited as "Typescript C") on which Husserl wrote in 1933: "Cartes. Meditationen / Originaltext 1929 / E. Husserl / für Dorion Cairns". Its use of emphasis and quotation marks conforms more closely to Husserl’s practice, as exemplified in works published during his lifetime. In this respect the translation usually follows Typescript C. Moreover, some of the variant readings n this typescript are preferable and have been used as the basis for the translation. Where that is the case, the published text is given or translated in a foornote. The published text and Typescript C have been compared with the French translation by Gabrielle Pfeiffer and Emmanuel Levinas (Paris, Armand Collin, 1931). The use of emphasis and quotation marks in the French translation corresponds more closely to that in Typescript C than to that in the published text. Often, where the wording of the published text and that of Typescript C differ, the French translation indicates that it was based on a text that corresponded more closely to one or the other – usually to Typescript C. In such cases the French translation has been quoted or cited in a foornote.

  • Husserl, Edmund. 1977. Cartesian Meditations: An Introduction To Phenomenology. Trans. Dorion Cairns. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Pub.
    Abstract: The "Cartesian Meditations" translation is based primarily on the printed text, edited by Professor S. Strasser and published in the first volume of Husserliana: Cartesianische Meditationen und Pariser Vorträge, ISBN 90-247-0214-3. Most of Husserl's emendations, as given in the Appendix to that volume, have been treated as if they were part of the text. The others have been translated in footnotes.     Secondary consideration has been given to a typescript (cited as "Typescript C") on which Husserl wrote in 1933: "Cartes. Meditationen / Originaltext 1929 / E. Husserl / für Dorion Cairns". Its use of emphasis and quotation marks conforms more closely to Husserl’s practice, as exemplified in works published during his lifetime. In this respect the translation usually follows Typescript C. Moreover, some of the variant readings n this typescript are preferable and have been used as the basis for the translation. Where that is the case, the published text is given or translated in a foornote.      The published text and Typescript C have been compared with the French translation by Gabrielle Pfeiffer and Emmanuel Levinas (Paris, Armand Collin, 1931). The use of emphasis and quotation marks in the French translation corresponds more closely to that in Typescript C than to that in the published text. Often, where the wording of the published text and that of Typescript C differ, the French translation indicates that it was based on a text that corresponded more closely to one or the other – usually to Typescript C. In such cases the French translation has been quoted or cited in a foornote.

  • Husserl, Edmund. 2011. Sur L'intersubjectivité. Tome I. Trans. Nathalie Depraz. 2nd ed. Presses Universitaires de France - PUF.
    Abstract: Le présent tome I de cet ouvrage intitulé Sur l'intersubjectivité, qui en comprend deux, est la traduction partielle de Zur Phänomenologie der Intersubjektivität, trois volumes (I. 1905-1920 ; II. 1921-1928 ; III. 1929-1935) qui ont été édités par Iso Kern et publiés en 1973 à La Haye par Martinus Nijhoff dans les Husserliana (tomes XIII, XIV et XV). Étant donné le nombre considérable de textes retenus (quelque 800 pages sur 1800 environ dans l'édition allemande), la traduction française se présente en deux tomes.La problématique husserlienne de l'intersubjectivité apparaît beaucoup plus différenciée, à la fois plus ramifiée et plus radicale que dans les textes publiés auparavant : elle s'y articule avec précision à la question de la corporéité primordiale, du temps, de l'imagination, de la communauté, de l'histoire, du langage, de la normalité, de la générativité et de l'individuation. En revanche, dans les textes publiés jusqu'ici, elle est souvent présentée soit de façon aporétique (Méditations cartésiennes), soit dans son extension d'emblée communautaire (Idées directrices II) ou historique (Krisis), en tout cas selon l'alternative trop simple de la constitution monadologique de l'égologie ou de la donation immédiate des autres dans le monde.Le premier tome de l'édition française s'organise autour de deux thèmes : 1 / la constitution primordiale du corps et de l'espace dans son articulation avec la constitution d'autrui, et 2 / l'expérience empathique en tant que vécu analogisant dans sa discussion critique avec les problématiques psychologiques de l'époque. Une introduction détaillée ouvre le volume et présente les différentes figures de l'intersubjectivité en liaison avec la problématique des voies d'accès à la réduction ; une postface s'explique sur le choix de la traduction retenue pour le terme Leib, et déploie la complexité historique et structurelle de son sens.

  • Husserl, Edmund. 2001. Sur L'intersubjectivité : Tome 2. Trans. Nathalie Depraz. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France - PUF.
    Abstract: Le présent tome II de cet ouvrage intitulé Sur l'intersubjectivité, qui en comprend deux, est la traduction partielle de Zur Phänomenologie der Intersubiektivität, trois volumes (I. 1905-1920 ; II. 1921-1928 ; III, 1929-1935) qui ont été édités par Iso Kern et publiés en 1973 à La Haye par Martinus Nijhoff dans les Husserliana, tomes XIII, XIV et XV. Étant donné le nombre considérable de textes retenus (quelque 800 pages sur 1 800 environ dans l'édition allemande), la traduction française se présente en deux tomes : Sur l'intersubjectivité I ; Sur l'intersubjectivité II, le présent volume. La problématique husserlienne de l'intersubjectivité apparaît beaucoup plus différenciée, à la fois plus ramifiée et plus radicale que dans les textes publiés auparavant : elle s'y articule avec précision à la question de la corporéité primordiale, du temps, de l'imagination, de la communauté, de l'histoire, du langage, de la normalité, de la générativité et de l'individuation. En revanche, dans les textes publiés jusqu'ici, elle est souvent présentée soit de façon aporétique (Méditations cartésiennes), soit dans son extension d'emblée communautaire (Idées directrices II) ou historique (Krisis), en tout cas selon l'alternative trop simple de la constitution monadologique de l'égologie ou de la donation immédiate des autres dans le monde. Le second tome de l'édition française s'organise autour des 3 thèmes vecteurs : 1/le dédoublement égoïque homologue à l'œuvre dans l'expérience empathique et dans les expériences du souvenir et de l'imagination, mais aussi de la différence fondamentale qui existe entre ces expériences intrasubjectives d'altérité interne qui offrent des structures constitutives de la conscience égoïque altérée, et l'expérience d'autrui qui en est le résultat constitutif, 2/l'intersubjectivité anthropologique, communautaire, historique et langagière, avec un accent particulier porté sur la problématique de la normalité et de la générativité dans sa relation descriptive aux anomalies et à leur genèse : l'animal, l'enfant, le fou, le primitif sont des autres qui élargissent mon expérience normale du monde, 3/l'individuation, de la facticité et de l'intermonadisation, dans sa relation avec l'horizon d'une métaphysique phénoménologique. N. D.

  • Husserl, Edmund. 2010. L'origine De La Géométrie. Trans. Jacques Derrida. 6th ed. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.

  • Husserl, Edmund, Dummett, Michael, and Moran, Dermot. 2008. Logical Investigations. Volume 1 Volume 1. London; New York: Routledge.

  • Husserl, Edmund, and Escoubas, Eliane. 1996. Recherches Phenomenologiques Pour La Constitution. Paris: Presses universitaires de France.

  • Husserl, Edmund. 1964. Phenomenology Of Internal Time Consciousness. Eds. Martin Heidegger. Trans. James S. Churchill. 1st editionst ed. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Indiana University Press.
    Abstract: Will be shipped from US. Used books may not include companion materials, may have some shelf wear, may contain highlighting/notes, may not include CDs or access codes. 100% money back guarantee.


  • Husserl, Edmund. 1989. Ideas Pertaining To A Pure Phenomenology And To A Phenomenological Philosophy: Second Book Studies In The Phenomenology Of Constitution. Trans. André Schuwer and Richard Rojcewicz. Husserliana: Edmund Husserl – Collected Works. Springer Netherlands. https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9780792300113.
    Abstract: Ideas Pertaining to a Pure Phenomenology and to a Phenomenological Philosophy...

  • Hutchins, Edwin. 1995. Cognition In The Wild. MIT Press.
    Abstract: Edwin Hutchins combines his background as an anthropologist and an open ocean racing sailor and navigator in this account of how anthropological methods can be combined with cognitive theory to produce a new reading of cognitive science. His theoretical insights are grounded in an extended analysis of ship navigation - its computational basis, its historical roots, its social organization, and the details of its implementation in actual practice aboard large ships. The result is an unusual interdisciplinary approach to cognition in culturally constituted activities outside the laboratory - "in the wild."Hutchins examines a set of phenomena that have fallen in the cracks between the established disciplines of psychology and anthropology, bringing to light a new set of relationships between culture and cognition. The standard view is that culture affects the cognition of individuals. Hutchins argues instead that cultural activity systems have cognitive properties of their own that are different from the cognitive properties of the individuals who participate in them. Each action for bringing a large naval vessel into port, for example, is informed by culture: the navigation team can be seen as a cognitive and computational system.Introducing Navy life and work on the bridge, Hutchins makes a clear distinction between the cognitive properties of an individual and the cognitive properties of a system. In striking contrast to the usual laboratory tasks of research in cognitive science, he applies the principal metaphor of cognitive science - cognition as computation (adopting David Marr's paradigm) - to the navigation task. After comparing modern Western navigation with the method practiced in Micronesia, Hutchins explores the computational and cognitive properties of systems that are larger than an individual. He then turns to an analysis of learning or change in the organization of cognitive systems at several scales.Hutchins's conclusion illustrates the costs of ignoring the cultural nature of cognition, pointing to the ways in which contemporary cognitive science can be transformed by new meanings and interpretations.A Bradford Book
    Tags: Psychology / Cognitive Psychology, Psychology / General, Transportation / Navigation.


  • Huygens, Christiaan. 1669. “Instructions Concerning The Use Of Pendulum-Watches, For Finding The Longitude At Sea”. Philosophical Transactions Of The Royal Society Of London 4 (47) (January 1): 937-953. doi:10.1098/rstl.1669.0013. https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rstl.1669.0013.
    Abstract: Whereas 'tis generally esteemed that there is no practise for the finding of the longitude at sea comparable to that of those watches, which instead of a ballance-wheele are regulated by a pendulum, as now they are brought to great perfection, and made to measure time very equally; and many perhaps here as well as elsewhere being not well versed in the ordering and managing of that instrument:

  • Huyghe, Pierre-Damien. 2004. Le Différend Esthétique. Belval: CIRCE.

  • Ihde, Don. 2007. Listening And Voice : Phenomenologies Of Sound. SUNY Press.
    Abstract: Listening and Voice is an updated and expanded edition of Don Ihde's groundbreaking 1976 classic in the study of sound. Ranging from the experience of sound through language, music, religion, and silence, clear examples and illustrations take the reader into the important and often overlooked role of the auditory in human life. Ihde's newly added preface, introduction, and chapters extend these sound studies to the technologies of sound, including musical instrumentation, hearing aids, and the new group of scientific technologies which make infra- and ultra-sound available to human experience. Book jacket.
    Tags: Language Arts & Disciplines / Communication Studies, Music / Instruction & Study / Voice, Philosophy / General, Philosophy / Movements / Phenomenology, Psychology / General, Science / Acoustics & Sound.

  • Ihde, Don. 1990. Technology And The Lifeworld: From Garden To Earth. Indiana University Press.
    Tags: Technology & Engineering / General, Technology & Engineering / Social Aspects.


  • Irvin, Sherri. 2005. “Interprétation Et Description D’Une Oeuvre D’Art”. Philosophiques 32 (1): 135-148. doi:https://doi.org/10.7202/011067ar. http://www.erudit.org/fr/revues/philoso/2005-v32-n1-philoso887/011067ar/.
    Abstract: Selon Arthur Danto, il est illégitime de chercher une description « neutre » ou préinterprétative d’une oeuvre d’art, parce qu’une telle description ne peut respecter l’oeuvre d’art en tant que telle. Nous ne pouvons aborder une oeuvre sans l’interpréter, puisque l’interprétation constitue l’oeuvre d’art et distingue celle-ci d’un simple objet physique. Dans cet article je soutiens que, bien que Danto ait raison de vouloir distinguer les oeuvres d’art des simples choses, on peut effectuer cette distinction sans conclure que les oeuvres d’art sont constituées par l’interprétation. Je soutiens en outre que le point de vue de Danto ne nous permet pas de tenir compte du fait que les interprétations doivent respecter les caractéristiques de l’oeuvre. Je montre qu’en faisant appel aux conventions de description spécifiques à l’art, on peut proposer une description neutre qui respecte l’oeuvre d’art en tant qu’oeuvre. Mon point de vue est conforme à la relation généralement admise entre la description et l’interprétation des oeuvres d’art, et évite les conséquences négatives de la théorie de Danto.
    Attachment Full Text PDF 155.7 kb (source)

  • Janicaud, Dominique. 1991. Le Tournant Théologique De La Phénoménologie Française. Combas: L'Eclat.


  • Jonas, Hans. 1992. “The Burden And Blessing Of Mortality”. The Hastings Center Report 22 (1): 34-40. doi:10.2307/3562722. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3562722.

  • Jonas, Hans. 2000. Le Phénomène De La Vie. Vers Une Biologie Philosophique. Bruxelles; Paris: De Boeck - Wesmael.

  • Jonas, Hans. 2001. The Phenomenon Of Life: Toward A Philosophical Biology. 1 editionst ed. Evanston, Ill: Northwestern University Press.
    Abstract: A classic of phenomenology and existentialism, The Phenomenon of Life sets forth a systematic and comprehensive philosophy--an existential interpretation of biological facts laid out in support of his claim that the mind is prefigured throughout organic existence. Hans Jonas shows how life-forms present themselves on an ascending scale of perception and freedom of action, a scale reaching its apex in a human being's capacity for thought and morally responsible behavior.

  • Kock, Ned. 2009. Virtual Team Leadership And Collaborative Engineering Advancements: Contemporary Issues And Implications: Contemporary Issues And Implications. IGI Global.
    Abstract: Virtual team leadership and collaborative engineering bring teams, product engineering, and processes into the 21st century through the use of e-collaboration technologies. These powerful tools accomplish work efficiently and effectively, whether communication takes place only through e-collaboration technologies or in combination with face-to-face interaction.Virtual Team Leadership and Collaborative Engineering Advancements: Contemporary Issues and Implications addresses a range of e-collaboration topics, with emphasis on two particularly challenging ones: virtual team leadership and collaborative engineering. With contributing authors among the most accomplished e-collaboration, virtual team leadership, and collaborative engineering researchers in the world today, this book presents a blend of conceptual, theoretical, and applied chapters creating a publication that will serve both academics and practitioners.
    Tags: Computers / Data Transmission Systems / Wireless, Computers / Information Technology, Computers / Networking / General.

  • Kyselo, Miriam. 2016. “Kyselo, M. (2016). The Minimal Self Needs A Social Update. Philosophical Psychology, Http://doi.org/10.1080/09515089.2016.1214251”. https://www.academia.edu/27780216/Kyselo_M._2016_._The_minimal_self_needs_a_social_update._Philosophical_Psychology_http_doi.org_10.1080_09515089.2016.1214251.
    Abstract: Review Essay Self and other: Exploring subjectivity, empathy, and shame, by Dan Zahavi, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2015.


  • Kyselo, Miriam. 2014. “The Body Social: An Enactive Approach To The Self”. Frontiers In Psychology 5. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00986. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00986/full.
    Abstract: This paper takes a new look at an old question: what is the human self? It offers a proposal for theorizing the self from an enactive perspective as an autonomous system that is constituted through interpersonal relations. It addresses a prevalent issue in the philosophy of cognitive science: the body-social problem. Embodied and social approaches to cognitive identity are in mutual tension. On the one hand, embodied cognitive science risks a new form of methodological individualism, implying a dichotomy not between the outside world of objects and the brain-bound individual but rather between body-bound individuals and the outside social world. On the other hand, approaches that emphasize the constitutive relevance of social interaction processes for cognitive identity run the risk of losing the individual in the interaction dynamics and of downplaying the role of embodiment. This paper adopts a middle way and outlines an enactive approach to individuation that is neither individualistic nor disembodied but integrates both approaches. Elaborating on Jonas’ notion of needful freedom it outlines an enactive proposal to understanding the self as co-generated in interactions and relations with others. I argue that the human self is a social existence that is organized in terms of a back and forth between social distinction and participation processes. On this view, the body, rather than being identical with the social self, becomes its mediator.
    Tags: body-social problem, distinction and participation, embodied self, enactive self, social body, Social identity, social self.
    Attachment Full Text PDF 635 kb (source)


  • Kyselo, Miriam. 2014. “The Body Social: An Enactive Approach To The Self”. Frontiers In Psychology 5. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00986. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00986/full.
    Abstract: This paper takes a new look at an old question: what is the human self? It offers a proposal for theorizing the self from an enactive perspective as an autonomous system that is constituted through interpersonal relations. It addresses a prevalent issue in the philosophy of cognitive science: the body-social problem. Embodied and social approaches to cognitive identity are in mutual tension. On the one hand, embodied cognitive science risks a new form of methodological individualism, implying a dichotomy not between the outside world of objects and the brain-bound individual but rather between body-bound individuals and the outside social world. On the other hand, approaches that emphasize the constitutive relevance of social interaction processes for cognitive identity run the risk of losing the individual in the interaction dynamics and of downplaying the role of embodiment. This paper adopts a middle way and outlines an enactive approach to individuation that is neither individualistic nor disembodied but integrates both approaches. Elaborating on Jonas’ notion of needful freedom it outlines an enactive proposal to understanding the self as co-generated in interactions and relations with others. I argue that the human self is a social existence that is organized in terms of a back and forth between social distinction and participation processes. On this view, the body, rather than being identical with the social self, becomes its mediator.
    Tags: body-social problem, distinction and participation, embodied self, enactive self, social body, Social identity, social self.
    Attachment Full Text PDF 635 kb (source)


  • Køster, Allan. 2020. “The Felt Sense Of The Other: Contours Of A Sensorium”. Phenomenology And The Cognitive Sciences (January 22). doi:10.1007/s11097-020-09657-3. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11097-020-09657-3.
    Abstract: In this paper, I explore the phenomenon of a felt sense of the concrete other. Although the importance of this phenomenon is recognised in the contemporary discussion on intercorporeality, it has not been subjected to systematic phenomenological analysis. I argue that the felt sense of the other is an aspect of intercorporeal body memory in so far as it is a habituation to something like the concrete other’s expressive style. Because it is inherently a sensory phenomenon, I speak of an embodied sensorium of the other. I illustrate the phenomenon through contrasting case-vignettes taken from research in early parental bereavement. Based on this, I identify five modalities that outline the fundamental contours of a sensorium and specify that in their intermodal and synesthetic concretion they account for the felt sense of the other. Finally, I argue that the existential importance of the phenomenon is rooted in the distributed nature of my sense of self and self-familiarity. To illustrate this, I draw parallels between the felt sense of the concrete other and the felt sense of home and suggest that though there are also distinct differences between the two phenomena, they are rooted in the same underlying existential need for feeling-at-home in the world.
    Tags: Bereavement, Body memory, Embodiment, Expressive style, Grief, Intercorporeality, Sense of self, Sensorium.


  • Lenay, Charles. 2008. “Médiations Techniques Des Interactions Perceptives: Rencontres Tactiles Dans Les Environnements Numériques Partagés”. Social Science Information 47 (3) (September 1): 331-352. doi:10.1177/0539018408092576. http://ssi.sagepub.com/content/47/3/331.
    Abstract: In what conditions does a technical mediation allow subjects to meet and to recognize each other? In digital networks, virtual spaces of collaborative work and play give rise to interactions at a distance between users. But to what extent do these interactions allow each partner to recognize the living presence of other perceiving subjects? In order to study this question, we use perceptual supplementation devices (more commonly known as sensory substitution systems). These devices for prosthetic perception represent an extreme situation, which is highly revealing as to the way that technological devices transform our perceptual capacities. Here, they make it possible to identify the conditions for the existence of perceptual crossing, i.e. a situation which makes it possible for two subjects to recognize each other. To carry out this research, we propose a minimalist experimental paradigm, constructed with the aid of the `Tactos' system. This perceptual supplementation device has been developed in order to give a tactile perception of digital forms present on the screen of a computer. When two such devices are connected in a network, they also allow tactile interactions between users at a distance (one can speak of distal caresses). The minimal version of this device gives scope for an experimental study and a precise analysis of the perceptual interactions. These experiments lead us to suggest several conditions which seem necessary for the constitution of a lived experience of perceptual crossing: the presence for each partner of a body-image perceivable by the other participants; a direct link between the perceptual activity and the dynamics of this body-image; and the impossibility for each partner to themselves perceive the body-image they present to the other participants.
    Tags: Croisements perceptifs (Perceptual crossing), Environnements virtuels collaboratifs, Interactions perceptives, Substitution sensorielle, Suppléance perceptive.

  • Lenay, Charles. 2010. ““It’S So Touching”: Emotional Value In Distal Contact”. International Journal Of Design 4 (2): 15-25. http://www.ijdesign.org/ojs/index.php/IJDesign/article/view/694.
    Abstract: International Journal of Design, IJDesign, IJD, SCI, SSCI, A&HCI, How can interpersonal « contacts » allow for a « touching » relationship at a distance? To answer this question, we try to understand the reasons for the pre-eminence of the tactile modality in descriptions of emotional exchanges. With the help of an original experimental setup, we will propose a description of the essential conditions for “contact” mediated by technical devices. Next, in order to understand the relationship between such contact and emotional values, we will construe emotion as being the product of a force that instigates movement. We will then show that the “force” which is transmitted in touching contacts is based in the duality of the perceiving body and the body image. The fact that the subject is ignorant of his own body-image is revealed by the breaking of perceptual symmetry on the occasion of a touching encounter. These results provide some guiding principles for the design of interfaces and structures of interaction that allow for emotional contacts across networks.
    Tags: A&HCI, IJD, IJDesign, International Journal of Design, SCI, SSCI.

  • Lenay, Charles. 2010. “«C’Est Très Touchant» La Valeur Émotionnelle Du Contact.”. Intellectica (53-54): 359–397. http://www.utc.fr/costech/v2/_upload/fichiers/publications/lenay_v4-ch-dif.doc.
  • Lenay, Charles. 1997. “Mouvement Et Perception : Médiation Technique Et Constitution De La Spatialisation”. Le Mouvement. Des Boucles Sensori-Motrices Aux Représentations Cognitives Et Langagières. Actes De La Sixième École D’Été De L’Association Pour La Recherche Cognitive: 69-80.

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